SWISS-MODEL is developed by the Computational Structural Biology Group at the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB) and the Biozentrum of the University of Basel.

SWISS-MODEL is a fully automated protein structure homology-modeling server, accessible via the ExPASy web server, or from the program DeepView (Swiss Pdb-Viewer). The purpose of this server is to make Protein Modelling accessible to all biochemists and molecular biologists WorldWide.


SWISS-MODEL was initiated in 1993 by Manuel Peitsch, and further developed at GWER - Glaxo Wellcome Experimental Research in Geneva and the SIB - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics by Manuel Peitsch, Nicolas Guex and Torsten Schwede. Since 2001, SWISS-MODEL is being developed by Torsten Schwede's Structural Bioinformatics Group at the Biozentrum (University of Basel) and SIB - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics. The SWISS-MODEL Repository, a relational database of annotated three-dimensional comparative protein structure models, was established in 2004. In 2005, SWISS-MODEL service was extended by SWISS-MODEL Workspace, a web-based work bench for protein structure modelling and assessment. Computational resources for the SWISS-MODEL server are provided in collaboration by the [BC]2 Basel Computational Biology Center at the Biozentrum (University Basel), Vital-IT, and the Advanced Biomedical Computing Center (NCI Frederick, USA).


The SWISS-MODEL team is working continously to update and improve the SWISS-MODEL pipeline and template library. If you find any errors, bugs or problems using SWISS-MODEL, please let us know about it by sending a detailled description of the problem to: help-swissmodel@unibas.ch.

The SWISS-MODEL Team @ Biozentrum Basel / SIB
Torsten Schwede   Project Leader
Florian Kiefer SWISS-MODEL Repository & Pipeline
Lorenza Bordoli Method Development and user support
Konstantin Arnold SWISS-MODEL Workspace
Pascal Benkert Model Quality Assessment
Michael Künzli Web Services (DAS)
Michael Podvinec "SCRUM" Master
Rainer Pölmann System Administration


When you publish or report results using SWISS-MODEL, please cite the relevant publications:

  1. Arnold K., Bordoli L., Kopp J., and Schwede T. (2006). The SWISS-MODEL Workspace: A web-based environment for protein structure homology modelling. Bioinformatics, 22,195-201.
  2. Kiefer F, Arnold K, Künzli M, Bordoli L, Schwede T (2009). The SWISS-MODEL Repository and associated resources. Nucleic Acids Research. 37, D387-D392.
  3. Schwede T, Kopp J, Guex N, and Peitsch MC (2003) SWISS-MODEL: an automated protein homology-modeling server. Nucleic Acids Research 31: 3381-3385.
  4. Guex, N. and Peitsch, M. C. (1997) SWISS-MODEL and the Swiss-PdbViewer: An environment for comparative protein modelling. Electrophoresis 18: 2714-2723.
  5. Peitsch, M. C. (1995) Protein modeling by E-mail Bio/Technology 13: 658-660.

We gratefully acknowledge contributions by:
Manuel Peitsch Initiator of SWISS-MODEL
Nicolas Guex DeepView - Swiss-PdbViewer
Karol Miaskiewicz Advanced Biomedical Computing Center
Robert W. Lebherz Advanced Biomedical Computing Center
Alexander Diemand SIB; DeepView
Jürgen Kopp SIB; SWISS-MODEL Repository


The result of any modelling procedure is NON-EXPERIMENTAL and MUST be considered with care. This is especially true since there is no human intervention during model building. Carefully read the header section of the files to know what templates and alignments were used during the model building process.

SWISS-MODEL is developed by the Protein Structure Bioinformatics group at the SIB - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics & the Biozentrum University of Basel. © 2011.