SWISS-MODEL is developed by the Computational Structural Biology Group at the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics (SIB) and the Biozentrum of the University of Basel.SWISS-MODEL is a fully automated protein structure homology-modeling server, accessible via the ExPASy web server, or from the program DeepView (Swiss Pdb-Viewer). The purpose of this server is to make Protein Modelling accessible to all biochemists and molecular biologists WorldWide.
SWISS-MODEL was initiated in 1993 by Manuel Peitsch, and further developed at GWER
- Glaxo Wellcome Experimental Research in Geneva and the
SIB - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics
by Manuel Peitsch, Nicolas Guex and Torsten Schwede. Since 2001,
SWISS-MODEL is being developed by Torsten Schwede's
Structural Bioinformatics Group
at the Biozentrum (University of Basel) and SIB - Swiss Institute of
The SWISS-MODEL Repository,
a relational database of annotated
three-dimensional comparative protein structure models, was established in 2004.
In 2005, SWISS-MODEL service was extended by
a web-based work bench for protein structure modelling and assessment.
Computational resources for the SWISS-MODEL server are provided in collaboration
The SWISS-MODEL team is working continously to update and improve the SWISS-MODEL pipeline and template library. If you find any errors, bugs or problems using SWISS-MODEL, please let us know about it by sending a detailled description of the problem to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The SWISS-MODEL Team @ Biozentrum Basel / SIB
|Torsten Schwede||Project Leader|
|Florian Kiefer||SWISS-MODEL Repository & Pipeline|
|Lorenza Bordoli||Method Development and user support|
|Konstantin Arnold||SWISS-MODEL Workspace|
|Pascal Benkert||Model Quality Assessment|
|Michael Künzli||Web Services (DAS)|
|Michael Podvinec||"SCRUM" Master|
|Rainer Pölmann||System Administration|
When you publish or report results using SWISS-MODEL, please cite the relevant publications:
- Arnold K., Bordoli L., Kopp J., and Schwede T. (2006). The SWISS-MODEL Workspace:
A web-based environment for protein structure homology modelling. Bioinformatics, 22,195-201.
- Kiefer F, Arnold K, Künzli M, Bordoli L, Schwede T (2009). The SWISS-MODEL Repository and associated resources.
Nucleic Acids Research. 37, D387-D392.
- Schwede T, Kopp J, Guex N, and Peitsch MC (2003) SWISS-MODEL: an automated protein
homology-modeling server. Nucleic Acids Research 31: 3381-3385.
- Guex, N. and Peitsch, M. C. (1997) SWISS-MODEL and the Swiss-PdbViewer: An
environment for comparative protein modelling. Electrophoresis 18: 2714-2723.
- Peitsch, M. C. (1995) Protein modeling by E-mail Bio/Technology 13: 658-660.
We gratefully acknowledge contributions by:
|Manuel Peitsch||Initiator of SWISS-MODEL|
|Nicolas Guex||DeepView - Swiss-PdbViewer|
|Karol Miaskiewicz||Advanced Biomedical Computing Center|
|Robert W. Lebherz||Advanced Biomedical Computing Center|
|Alexander Diemand||SIB; DeepView|
|Jürgen Kopp||SIB; SWISS-MODEL Repository|
The result of any modelling procedure is NON-EXPERIMENTAL and MUST be considered with care. This is especially true since there is no human intervention during model building. Carefully read the header section of the files to know what templates and alignments were used during the model building process.