O43918 (AIRE_HUMAN) Homo sapiens (Human)

Autoimmune regulator UniProtKBInterProSTRINGInteractive Modelling

545 aa; Sequence (Fasta) ; (Isoform 2; Isoform 3; Isoform 4; )

Sequence Features

 15R -> C (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363875). VAR_026480 dbSNP
 15R -> L (in APS1; prevents homooligomerization; slightly alters subcellular localization; no effect on the transcriptional transactivation activity; dbSNP:rs179363876). VAR_013713 dbSNP
 16T -> M (in APS1; prevents homooligomerization; slightly alters subcellular localization; no effect on the transcriptional transactivation activity; dbSNP:rs179363877). VAR_013714 dbSNP
 21A -> V (in APS1; no effect on homooligomerization; no effect on subcellular localization; no effect on the transcriptional transactivation activity; dbSNP:rs179363886). VAR_026481 dbSNP
 28L -> P (in APS1; abolishes association with cytoplasmic tubular structures and homodimerization; loss of doted nuclear localization; nuclear smear; dbSNP:rs179363878). VAR_005004 dbSNP
 29L -> P (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363879). VAR_013715 dbSNP
 77F -> S (in APS1; loss of homooligomerization; dbSNP:rs179363887). VAR_026483 dbSNP
 78W -> R (in APS1; loss of homooligomerization; dbSNP:rs179363880). VAR_013716 dbSNP
 80V -> L (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363881). VAR_013717 dbSNP
 83K -> E (in APS1; dbSNP:rs121434255). VAR_005005 dbSNP
 85Y -> C (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363882). VAR_013718 dbSNP
 90Y -> C (in APS1; decreases doted nuclear localization; dbSNP:rs179363883). VAR_013719 dbSNP
 93L -> R (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363884). VAR_013720 dbSNP
 228G -> W (in APS1; changes the subcellular localization and in addition disrupts the transactivating capacity of the wild-type AIRE; acts with a dominant negative effect by binding to the wild-type AIRE thus preventing the protein from forming the complexes needed for transactivation; dbSNP:rs121434257). VAR_014422 dbSNP
 252P -> L (in APS1; dbSNP:rs34397615). VAR_026484 dbSNP
 278S -> R (in dbSNP:rs1800520). VAR_005006 dbSNP
 298E -> K (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs763636007). VAR_076940 dbSNP
 299C -> W (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs751066946). VAR_076941 dbSNP
 301V -> M (in APS1; no effect on protein structure or on interaction with histone H3; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant-negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription; dbSNP:rs150634562). VAR_013721 dbSNP
 302C -> Y (found in patients with hypothyroidism and organ- and cytokine- specific autoantibodies; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant- negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription). VAR_076942
 303R -> Q (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs139808903). VAR_076943 dbSNP
 303R -> W (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs778929451). VAR_076944 dbSNP
 305G -> S (found in a patient with pernicious anemia and neuropathy; unknown pathological significance; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant- negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription). VAR_013722
 306G -> R (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs754932526). VAR_076945 dbSNP
 309I -> M (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs74162062). VAR_076946 dbSNP
 311C -> Y (in APS1; impairs zinc binding and folding of the PHD-type 1 zinc finger; dominant-negatif effect on the regulation of target gene transcription; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant- negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription; dbSNP:rs386833674). VAR_013723 dbSNP
 316R -> Q (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs202027254). VAR_076947 dbSNP
 316R -> W (unknown pathological significance; found in a patient with pernicious anemia; dbSNP:rs139874934). VAR_076948 dbSNP
 319H -> P (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs776951380). VAR_076949 dbSNP
 326P -> L (in APS1; no significant effect on structure, but may alter protein interactions; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant-negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription; dbSNP:rs179363885). VAR_026485 dbSNP
 326P -> Q (in APS1; alters folding of the PHD-type 1 zinc finger; dbSNP:rs179363885). VAR_013724 dbSNP
 328R -> Q (found in a patient with acrofacial vitiligo and gastric parietal cell autoantibodies; no effect on doted nuclear localization; dominant-negatif effect on regulation of target gene transcription; dbSNP:rs775921321). VAR_076950 dbSNP
 328R -> W (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs74162063). VAR_076951 dbSNP
 332S -> R (unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs766901260). VAR_076952 dbSNP
 484V -> A (found in a patient with acrofacial vitiligo and gastric parietal cell autoantibodies; unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs769470638). VAR_076953 dbSNP
 539P -> L (in APS1; dbSNP:rs179363889). VAR_026486 dbSNP
 296-343PHD-type 1.
 434-475PHD-type 2.
 22-23Missing (in APS1; prevents homodimerization). VAR_026482
 4-102HSR domain
IPR004865PF03172
 204-244SAND domain
IPR000770PF01342
 299-342Zinc finger, PHD-finger
IPR019787PF00628

Sequence Alignments

Experimental structures

DescriptionOligo-stateLigandsStructureRangeDownloadAssess
NMR Solution structure of the first PHD finger domain of human Autoimmune Regulator (AIRE) in com... Heteromer
ZN;2kft294-347
NMR structure of the second PHD finger of AIRE (AIRE-PHD2)monomer ZN;2lri423-485
'Molecular Basis of non-modified histone H3 tail Recognition by the First PHD Finger of Autoimmun...monomer ZN;2ke1293-354
'NMR structure of the first phd finger of autoimmune regulator protein (AIRE1): insights into ape...monomer ZN;1xwh293-354

Homology models built on isoform sequence

Isoform #Oligo-stateLigandsQMEANTemplateRangeSeq id (%)ReportDownloadAssess
3monomer-3.915b75.1.A39-135
33.68
2monomerZN;-4.234llb.1.A39-133
35.87
4monomerZN;-4.634lk9.1.A39-143
36.56