P21549 (SPYA_HUMAN) Homo sapiens (Human)

Serine--pyruvate aminotransferase UniProtKBInterproStringInteractive Modelling

392 aa; Sequence (Fasta)

Sequence Features

 9T -> N (polymorphism; no loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs115014558). VAR_060547 dbSNP
 11P -> L (common polymorphism; reduction of specific alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity in vitro; causes mitochondrial mistargeting when associated with R-170; dbSNP:rs34116584). VAR_000587 dbSNP
 22N -> S (in dbSNP:rs34885252). VAR_048236 dbSNP
 36R -> C (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177157). VAR_074582 dbSNP
 41G -> E (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177168). VAR_074583 dbSNP
 41G -> R (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of protein stability; loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; partial mitochondrial mistargeting; intraperoxisomal protein aggregation seen; dbSNP:rs121908523). VAR_000588 dbSNP
 41G -> V (in HP1; reduced alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; no loss of dimerization; no effect on protein stability; dbSNP:rs180177168). VAR_010969 dbSNP
 47G -> R (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in protein misfolding; decreased alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; reduced expression levels; reduced pyridoxal phosphate binding; reduced dimerization; reduced thermostability; increased propensity to aggregation; increased susceptibility to proteolytic degradation within the N- terminal region; mitochondrial mistargeting; exposure to pyridoxine can rescue the functionality by partially preventing aggregation and degradation and by redirecting all the protein to the peroxisome; dbSNP:rs180177173). VAR_074584 dbSNP
 82G -> E (in HP1; abolishes alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity by interfering with pyridoxal phosphate binding; dbSNP:rs121908522). VAR_008878 dbSNP
 82G -> R (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177185). VAR_060548 dbSNP
 95E -> EE (in HP1). VAR_010970
 108W -> R (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; decreased protein stability; dbSNP:rs180177197). VAR_060549 dbSNP
 112A -> D (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; decreased protein stability; causes protein aggregation; dbSNP:rs796052061). VAR_060550 dbSNP
 116G -> R (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177207). VAR_010971 dbSNP
 139Missing (in HP1). VAR_060551
 150L -> P (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177222). VAR_074585 dbSNP
 152F -> I (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in protein destabilization; decreased alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; no loss of dimerization; mitochondrial mistargeting; dbSNP:rs121908524). VAR_000589 dbSNP
 153L -> V (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177223). VAR_060552 dbSNP
 156G -> R (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; decreased protein stability; dbSNP:rs121908530). VAR_010972 dbSNP
 158S -> L (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177225). VAR_060553 dbSNP
 161G -> C (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; reduced expression levels; decreased protein stability; protein aggregation seen in the cytosol with a decreased aggregation propensity in the presence of pyridoxal phosphate; reduced peroxisomal localization; dbSNP:rs180177227). VAR_074586 dbSNP
 161G -> R (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; reduced expression levels; decreased protein stability; protein aggregation seen in the cytosol with a decreased aggregation propensity in the presence of pyridoxal phosphate; loss of dimerization; dbSNP:rs180177227). VAR_060554 dbSNP
 161G -> S (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; reduced expression levels; decreased protein stability; protein aggregation seen in the cytosol with a decreased aggregation propensity in the presence of pyridoxal phosphate; reduced peroxisomal localization; dbSNP:rs180177227). VAR_074587 dbSNP
 166L -> P (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177230). VAR_074588 dbSNP
 170G -> R (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in mitochondrial mistargeting; slight decrease in alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; partial loss of protein stability but protein stability increases in the presence of pyridoxal phosphate; causes protein aggregation; dbSNP:rs121908529). VAR_000590 dbSNP
 173C -> Y (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; decreased protein stability; causes protein aggregation; dbSNP:rs180177231). VAR_060555 dbSNP
 183D -> N (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; no loss of dimerization; no effect on protein stability; dbSNP:rs180177236). VAR_010973 dbSNP
 187S -> F (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization but improved dimerization in the presence of pyridoxal phosphate; decreased protein stability; dbSNP:rs180177238). VAR_000591 dbSNP
 190G -> R (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177239). VAR_060556 dbSNP
 195M -> R (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177244). VAR_060557 dbSNP
 201D -> E (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177246). VAR_060558 dbSNP
 202I -> N (in HP1; unknown pathological significance; dbSNP:rs536352238). VAR_074589 dbSNP
 205S -> P (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; decreased protein stability; dbSNP:rs121908520). VAR_000592 dbSNP
 218S -> L (in HP1; loss of alanine-- glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; loss of dimerization; no effect on protein stability; dbSNP:rs180177253). VAR_060559 dbSNP
 233R -> C (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs121908526). VAR_008879 dbSNP
 233R -> H (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs121908527). VAR_008880 dbSNP
 233R -> L (in HP1; dbSNP:rs121908527). VAR_060560 dbSNP
 243D -> H (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177258). VAR_060561 dbSNP
 244I -> T (in HP1; prevalent mutation in the Canary islands; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in protein misfolding; decreased alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; no loss of dimerization; partial mitochondrial mistargeting; dbSNP:rs121908525). VAR_008881 dbSNP
 253C -> R (in HP1; when associated with L-11 and M-340 on the minor AGXT allele; results in loss of alanine--glyoxylate aminotransferase activity; dbSNP:rs180177264). VAR_060562 dbSNP
 279I -> M (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177277). VAR_060563 dbSNP
 279I -> T (in dbSNP:rs140992177). VAR_060564 dbSNP
 280A -> V (in dbSNP:rs73106685). VAR_060565 dbSNP
 287S -> T (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177289). VAR_060566 dbSNP
 289R -> C (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177290). VAR_060567 dbSNP
 295A -> T (in dbSNP:rs13408961). VAR_048237 dbSNP
 296Missing (in HP1). VAR_060568
 298L -> P (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177293). VAR_060569 dbSNP
 326V -> I (in dbSNP:rs115057148). VAR_060570 dbSNP
 336V -> D (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177155). VAR_060571 dbSNP
 340I -> M (common polymorphism; associated with hyperoxaluria; dbSNP:rs4426527). VAR_000593 dbSNP
 350G -> D (in HP1; dbSNP:rs180177156). VAR_060572 dbSNP
 25-376Aminotransferase class V domain
IPR000192PF00266

Sequence Alignments

Experimental structures

DescriptionOligo-stateLigandsStructureRangeDownload
Human alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase in complex with the TPR domain of human PEX5P Heteromer
P21549; P50542;
BTB;3r9a4-392
Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase variant K390A in complex with the TPR domain of human Pex5p Heteromer
P21549; P50542;
12×BME;SO4;BTB;4kyo5-392
'Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase variant K390A/K391A in complex with the TPR domain of human ... Heteromer
P21549; P50542;
SO4;BME;4kxk6-392
Crystal structure of the D183N variant of human Alanine:Glyoxylate Aminotransferase major allele ...homo-2-mer BTB;PLP;5luc4-392
X-ray structure of the more stable human AGXT triple mutant (AGXT_HEM)homo-2-mer GOL;PLP;4cbr4-392
X-ray structure of quintuple mutant of human alanine glyoxylate aminotransferase, AGXT_RHEAMhomo-2-mer PLP;4cbs4-392
Crystal structure of human Alanine:Glyoxylate Aminotransferase major allele (AGT-Ma) at 2.5 Angst...homo-2-mer PLP;5og04-392
The crystal structure of human alanine:glyoxylate aminotransferasehomo-2-mer 12×GOL;AOA;PLP;1h0c4-392
Structural mechanism of enzyme mistargeting in hereditary kidney stone disease in vitrohomo-2-mer 14×GOL;AOA;1j044-392
Crystal structure of the D183N variant of human Alanine:Glyoxylate Aminotransferase major allele ...homo-2-mer DIO;PLP;5ofy5-392
Alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase variant S187Fhomo-2-mer GOL;4i8a5-392
Crystal structure of human Alanine:Glyoxylate Aminotransferase major allele (AGT-Ma) at 1.7 Angst...homo-2-mer PLP;5f9s6-391
Structure of human Alanine:Glyoxylate Aminotransferase major allele (AGT-Ma) showing X-Ray induce...homo-2-mer PLR;5hhy6-391
High resolution AGXT_M structurehomo-2-mer GOL;BTB;SO4;PLP;2yob4-388